Try Our Food Word Quiz! Play Now. An adverbial phrase is a group of words that refines the meaning of a verb, adjective, or adverb. Similar to adverbs, adverbial phrases modify other words by explaining why, how, where, or when an action occurred. They may also describe the conditions of an action or object, or the degree to which an action or object was affected.
When these elements are present, the group of words is considered an adverbial clause. In the previous example, the show is the subject of the adverbial clause, and ends is the verb in the adverbial clause.
This group of words has no meaning on its own, but it explains when the subject plans to perform the action of getting dinner. The structure of an adverbial phrase or clause changes depending on the type of word it modifies and how it refines the meaning. This passage from W. Adverbial phrases can also function as infinitive phrases by incorporating infinitive verbs when they describe why an action is occurring.
An infinitive verb is made up of the word to and a root verb such as watch or find. This can be considered an adverbial phrase because it describes the verb went. Another common use for adverbial phrases is to describe the frequency of an action. Adverbial phrases may also overlap with prepositional phrasesas the latter usually consist of a preposition, a noun or pronoun, and modifiers that describe where or when the action is occurring.
Together, they function as an adverbial phrase to offer greater detail about the specific time period. Adverbial phrases have diverse constructions, but they always modify the meaning of a verb, adjective or adverb by answering questions such as HowWhere and Why? Menu Dictionary. Everything After Z by Dictionary. Types of Adverbial Phrases and Clauses The structure of an adverbial phrase or clause changes depending on the type of word it modifies and how it refines the meaning.
Popular Now. Word of the day. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.An adverb phrase consists of one or more words. The adverb is the head of the phrase and can appear alone or it can be modified by other words.
Adverbs are one of the four major word classes, along with nouns, verbs and adjectives. In the examples the adverb phrases are in bold. The other words that modify the adverb are underlined:. Time goes very quickly. The day passed quickly enough. This works really well for its size. Luckily for usthe cost was not so high. Adjective phrases. An adverb phrase can consist of one adverb or an adverb plus other words before it premodification or after it postmodification. Adverb phrases have many different meanings.
The other words that modify the adverb are underlined. We walked very carefully across the floor. Right there. Dad got home very late. This pill will take away the pain temporarily.
Adverb phrases typically answer the questions how, where, why or when something was done, as you'll see in the adverb phrase examples below. The first sentence does not contain an adverb or adverb phrase at all. The second sentence contains the adverb "here" to describe where the car was parked. The third sentence contains the adverb phrase "right here," which emphasizes where the car was parked and employs a phrase instead of a single adverb.
The final sentence of the group contains a longer, more informative adverbial phrase. Note that "right here under the bridge" is a prepositional phrase that uses the preposition "under" and the object "bridge. Since it modifies the verb to describe location, it is both a prepositional phrase and an adverbial phrase. A simple adverb phrase usually contains an adverb and at least one other word before or after it, though a prepositional phrase or infinitive phrase can also act as an adverbial.
Adverb phrases can be used in any position in a sentence. Consider these adverb phrase examples so you'll know what you're looking for:. It is important to remember that a phrase is a group of words that does not contain a subject and a verb. When you look at the adverb phrase examples above, you'll see that "right here under the bridge" does not contain a verb, so it is just a long phrase. An adverb clauseon the other hand, is a group of words that does contain a subject and a verb.
That group of words modifies a verb, adverb or adjective in the sentence, just as an adverb phrase does. For example:. This adverbial has both a subject "I" and a verb "find"so it is a clause. In its entirety, it modifies the verb "parked" to describe where the car is located. To better understand the difference between an adverb phrase and an adverb clause, check out the examples of adverb clauses here on YourDictionary.
Home Examples Adverb Phrase Examples. Consider the following sentences: I parked the car. I parked the car here.Adjective phrases are defined as phrases in which an adjective functions as the head of the phrase. In the English language, four grammatical forms can appear within an adjective phrase:. The following sections define the four grammatical forms that can appear within adjective phrases in English as well as provides examples to illustrate use.
The first grammatical form that can appear in an adjective phrase in English is the adverb phrase. Adverb phrases are phrases with an adverb functioning as the head of the phrase plus any other adverbs functioning as adverb phrase modifiers. Adverb phrases perform the grammatical function of adjective phrase modifier within adjective phrases. For example:. Adverb phrases always precede the adjective within an adjective phrase.
The second grammatical form that can appear in an adjective phrase in English is the prepositional phrase. Prepositions are traditionally defined as "words that indicate relationships between nouns, adjectives, and verbs and other words. Within the adjective phrase, prepositional phrases perform the grammatical functions of adjective phrase complement and adjective phrase modifier. An adjective phrase complement is defined as a word, phrase, or clause that that completes the meaning of an adjective or adjective phrase.
An adjective phrase modifier is defined as a word, phrase, or clause that describes an adjective or adjective phrase. Prepositional phrases more frequently function as adjective phrase complements than as adjective phrase modifiers. Prepositional phrases always follow the adjective within an adjective phrase. The third grammatical form that can appear in an adjective phrase in English is the verb phrase. Verbs are traditionally defined as "words that express an action or state.
Only verbs in the form of infinitives can complete the meanings of adjectives. Verb phrases also follow the adjective within an adjective phrase.
The fourth grammatical form that can appear in an adjective phrase in English is the noun clause. A noun clause is defined as a dependent clause that performs nominal functions and that consists of a subordinating conjunction followed by a clause. Noun clauses function as adjective phrase complements within adjective phrases.
Noun clauses also always follow the adjective within an adjective phrase. The four grammatical forms that can appear within adjective phrases can also appear in combination with other grammatical forms within a single adjective phrase.A verb phrase is a phrase in which a verb functions as the phrase head.
In English, five grammatical forms may appear along with a verb to form a verb phrase. The five grammatical forms are:. The following sections explain the internal structure of the English verb phrase in more detail with examples. The first grammatical form that can appear in a verb phrase in English is the auxiliary verb. In English, the twelve auxiliary verbs are havebedoand the nine modal verbs cancouldmaymightmustshallshouldwilland would. Auxiliary verbs perform the functions of progressive, perfect, passive, operator, and modal within verb phrases.
For example:. Progressive Auxiliary Verb Verb. Perfect Auxiliary Verb Verb. Passive Auxiliary Verb Verb. Operator Auxiliary Verb Verb. Modal Auxiliary Verb Verb. Auxiliary verbs always precede the main verb within a verb phrase. Operator auxiliary verbs may only appear with the main verb. Progressive, perfect, passive, and modal auxiliary verb may appear with other progressive, perfect, passive, and modal auxiliary verbs.
The order in which auxiliary verbs can appear together is Modal-Perfect-Passive-Progressive. Perfect Progressive Verb. Perfect Passive Verb. Modal Progressive Verb.
Modal Perfect Passive Verb. Modal Perfect Passive Progressive Verb. The second grammatical form that can appear in a verb phrase in English is the preposition. Prepositions are traditionally defined as "words that indicate relationships between nouns, adjectives, and verbs and other words. An infinitive marker is defined as a function word that distinguishes the base form from the infinitive form of an English verb.
Preposition Verb. A particle is defined as a function word that expresses a grammatical relationship with another word but that lacks a definite lexical meaning. Verb Preposition. Verb Preposition Preposition. Prepositions always function as particles in phrasal verbs. The third grammatical form that can appear in a verb phrase in English is the prepositional phrase.Adjective & Adverb Phrases
Prepositional phrases are defined as phrases formed by a preposition followed by a prepositional complement. Within the verb phrase, prepositional phrases primarily perform the grammatical function of verb phrase complement within verb phrases but also can perform the grammatical function of verb phrase modifier.
A verb phrase complement is defined as a word, phrase, or clause that that completes the meaning of verb or verb phrase. Verb Prepositional Phrase. Prepositional phrases always follow the verb within a verb phrase and always function as verb phrase complements in prepositional verbs. The fourth grammatical form that can appear in a verb phrase in English is the adverb phrase. Adverb phrases are defined as phrases with an adverb functioning as the head of the phrase plus any other adverbs functioning as adverb phrase modifiers.We can put adverbs and adverb phrases at the front, in the middle or at the end of a clause.
The front position of the clause is the first item in the clause:.
Understanding Adjectives: Adjective Phrase Structure and Words That Describe Adjectives
Yesterday detectives arrested a man and a woman in connection with the murder. Apples always taste best when you pick them straight off the tree. Where there is more than one verb, mid position means after the first auxiliary verb or after a modal verb:. The government has occasionally been forced to change its mind.
You can definitely never predict what will happen. Adverbs usually come after the main verb beexcept in emphatic clauses:. Why should I have gone to see Madonna? I never was a fan of hers. Adverb phrases. Be as a main verb. They sometimes go in mid position if the adverb is not the most important part of the clause or if the object is very long.
He simply walked out without saying a word. Others go in front position: maybe, perhaps or in end positions after a comma. Can I get you a drink, or something to eat, perhaps? This must, franklybe the craziest idea anyone has ever had. UnfortunatelyI forgot my swimming costume so I had to sit on the side and watch.
We [verb] made [object] a decision [adverb] quickly then left. When there is more than one of the three types of adverb together, they usually go in the order: manner, place, time:. You start off [manner] slowly [time] in the beginning. Not: You start off in the beginning slowly. James played [manner] [place] brilliantly in the match on [time] Saturday.
She [verb] plays [object] the piano [adverb] really well.
Adverbs indicating the attitude and point of view of the speaker or writer usually go at the beginning. These adverbs are called sentence adverbs because they refer to the whole sentence or utterance:. ActuallyI think the meeting is on Wednesday, not Thursday. If the subject is a noun, it comes directly after the verb:. Adverbs: types. Definitions Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English.In linguisticsan adverbial phrase " AdvP " is a multi-word expression operating adverbially : its syntactic function is to modify other expressions, including verbsadjectivesadverbsadverbialsand sentences.
Adverbial phrases can be divided into two types: complement adverbs and modifier adverbs. The following examples illustrate some of the most common types of adverbial phrases. All adverbial phrases appear in bold; when relevant, the head of each adverbial phrase appears in square brackets. The heads of each of the following adverbial phrases are degree adverbials written "Deg" in syntactic trees. Degree adverbials modify adjacent adverbs that is, an adverb that is lower in the syntactic tree than the degree adverbial.
Modifier adverbial phrases combine with a sentence, and the removal of the adverbial phrase yields a well-formed sentence. For example, in 5 the modifier adverbial phrase in an hour can be removed, and the sentence remains well-formed e. The situation had resolved. Just as adjective phrases function attributively to give additional information about an adjacent noun, the modifier adverbial phrases illustrated in 5 to 7 function as secondary predicates that give additional temporal information about the sentence.
As mentioned above, complement adverbial phrases are much less common than their modifier counterparts. Nearly all of these complements license an adjoining prepositional phrase. The following sentences illustrate the difference between adverbsadverbial phrases, and adverbial clauses.
In the first example, "soon" is an adverb as distinct from a noun or a verbwhich is a type of adverbial. In the second sentence, the modifier "in an hour" has the same syntactic function that is, to act adverbially and modify the base of the sentence "I'll go to bed"though it does not contain an adverb. This modifier consists of a preposition and a determiner phraseand functions as an adverbial, thus making it an adverbial phrase. In the third example, we see a whole clause functioning as an adverbial; it is termed an adverbial clause.
Functionally, the term adverbial refers to all structures that can take the position of an adverb on a phrase structure level. Main classes of adverbials are used to distinguish the functional properties of the adverbs within the phrase. Each class has subcategories, that refer more specifically to the syntactic and semantic properties of the adverbial.
There is no distinct terminology for these classes used universally in literature, though adverbials are often classified into their functional categories. The class of subjunct is usually placed within adjunct class as it is difficult to distinguish between the two. The subcategories for adverbials have more universally used terminology and often refer to the nature of the adverb within each phrase.
Adjunct adverbials are the most often discussed class of adverbials, when discussing distribution in English.
Distinguishing between these is a matter of the overt realization of the phrase and is discussed below. The most recognizable subcategories for adjunct adverbials would be.
Conjunct adverbials, sometimes called linking adverbials, are used to connect clauses together and surface in a clause-initial position in English. Disjunct adverbials, also referred to as modal adverbials, have subcategories which relay a speakers interpretation of what appears lower in the clause. Subjunct adverbials are not often discussed as a class of its own in literature.